Renewables-based and cost-effective energy system in South East Europe feasible, shows new energy model

(Sarajevo, November 30 2015) As the climate talks begin today in Paris, a group of civil society organisations under SEE SEP [1] programme launched a video game version of the South East Europe (SEE) [2] 2050 Energy Model [3]. The organisations argue that SEE countries can have a cleaner, fairer and more efficient energy system, that is also resilient to future climate shocks.

The model is a result of work by a team of international experts working with regional civil society groups. It is presented in the form of an online video game that allows everyone of us to choose our own energy future. By creating their own visions of the energy future, everyone who plays with the model will be able to see that it is possible to make sensible choices about the energy future of SEE.

“Informing the general public about decisions regarding the future of their energy systems is extremely important for the Energy Community. This energy video game is an excellent tool to explain a complex issue to the public in a simple and fun way”, says Janez Kopač, director of the Energy Community, about the SEE 2050 Energy Model.

The model offers a range of scenarios, from business-as-usual, using all the coal there is and not investing in renewable energy sources, to an EU-compatible scenario demonstrating that it is technically feasible to have a low-carbon and efficient energy system. This would be in line with the EU goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050. As the more technical version of the model shows, it can be done cost effectively as well [4].

“The facts tell us this road is possible. What is now required is vision, political will and commitment from our elected representatives. Any sensible government should want a fairer, cleaner, and more efficient energy system for their citizens”, says Garret Tankosić-Kelly, Principal of SEE Change Net.

Politicians from across the region have joined the world leaders today in Paris, to spell out their support for the climate negotiations. They should walk this talk when they go back home, as practice shows that climate action in SEE largely remains just a spoken word. The recently submitted climate pledges are just the most recent example, as all the countries except Albania plan to increase, not decrease, their greenhouse gas emissions [5].

“South East Europe countries have a choice: they can either pursue their current short-sighted fossil-fuels based energy model or start their journey towards a sustainable energy path. The first step in the right direction would be to step up their proposed climate pledges and start implementing them straight away”, added Imke Lübbeke, Head of EU Climate and Energy Policy at WWF European Policy Office.

Notes for editors

[1] The South East Europe Sustainable Energy Policy (SEE SEP) is a programme that has 18 CSO partners from across the region (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo*, Macedonia**, Montenegro and Serbia) and the EU. The SEE SEP project aims to empower CSOs and citizens to better influence policy and practice towards a fairer, cleaner and safer energy future in SEE.

[2] Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia.

[3] The SEE model is based on the 2050 Calculator, energy model used by UK’s Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) [1]. Numerous countries of the world use the 2050 Calculator model [2], but this is the first one created for the whole geographical region. It is a result of two and a half year long process of collecting data, reviewing literature, consulting with important stakeholders on more than 500 meetings and modelling energy pathways for seven countries of the region, focusing especially on the transparency of data.


[5] The table below shows key data about the emissions reduction pledges. All pledges are made for the period up to 2030, but with different baseline used for emissions.

Country INDC[3] (% reduction by 2030) Baseline Deviation compared to 1990 (%) Deviation compared to 2012 (%)
Albania 11.5 BAU -55 -26
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2


BAU +18 +10
Macedonia 30 BAU +22 +11
Montenegro 30 1990 -30 +9
Serbia 9.8 1990 -10 +11

See more information on SEE countries’ INDCs in the accompanying briefing.

SEE SEP partner organizations:

SEE Change Net
Analytica (Macedonia)
ATRC (Kosovo)
CEKOR (Serbia)
CPI (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
CZZS (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
DOOR (Croatia)
EDEN (Albania)
Ekolevizja (Albania)
Eko-Svest (Macedonia)
Forum for Freedom in Education (Croatia)
Fractal (Serbia)
Front 21/42 (Macedonia)
Green Home (Montenegro)
MANS (Montenegro)
WWF Adria
CEE Bankwatch
Climate Action Network Europe

Masha Durkalić, SEE Change Net Communication Officer,, + 387 33 213 716

* According to the UN, Kosovo is “under the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) established pursuant to Security Council Resolution 1244”.
** According to the UN, the official name for Macedonia is “The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”.
[2] UK, Belgium, China, South Korea, South Africa, India, Japan and Taiwan have published 2050 Calculator models. Countries in the process of creating their 2050 Calculator energy models include Mexico, Colombia, Brazil, Bangladesh, Algeria, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Nigeria and Hungary.
[3] The acronym INDC stands for “Intended Nationally Determined Contribution”, and it describes the promises on climate action that countries will carry forward until the UN negotiations in Paris.